Diabetes Tests

Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition that affects several men and women worldwide. It is also called a ‘silent killer’ because, in many people, it remains asymptomatic until the damage has spread to the extent that it cannot be managed supportively. The reason for diabetes staying asymptomatic for so long is that people do not care about their dietary lifestyle habits at all. They do not realize that all their unhealthy habits keep on piling up until it is too late. Screening for diabetes is a great option for all people at risk of developing diabetes. This includes: - People with a family history of diabetes - People who are obese - People with other comorbid conditions such as cardiovascular disorders - People with persistently elevated blood sugar levels People are expected to follow a set protocol for diabetes screening if they ever go for its screening tests. This protocol involves testing for the following components: - Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) - Random Blood glucose (RBS) - Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) Levels These tests are all done by taking blood samples. They help determine if a person has impaired blood sugar or full-blown diabetes based on their balanced or out-of-proportion levels.

Common conditions covered by a Diabetes Tests

Diabetes, Prediabetes, Gestational diabetes, Type 1 diabetes, Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, Severe Autoimmune Diabetes (SAID), Severe Insulin-Deficient Diabetes (SIDD), Mild Obesity-Related Diabetes (MOD), Mild Age-Related Diabetes (MARD)

Diabetes Tests At Home and Online

FAQs on Diabetes Tests

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease of improper insulin production. It is a metabolic disorder that affects carbohydrate and fat metabolism. Diabetes is of two types. Diabetes I, primarily genetic, is an acute finding in which an autoimmune component is involved, and body cells themselves destroy pancreas insulin-producing cells. Diabetes II follows a more chronic course due to stress, improper calorie intake and a sedentary lifestyle. It involves insulin resistance. The tissues become resistant to the effects of insulin and fail to utilize glucose properly.

Why is Diabetes a sudden finding?

Diabetes type II is often asymptomatic; the metabolic imbalance occurs as it follows a chronic course.

Who should be tested for Diabetes?

People with a family history of diabetes, those who are obese or have other comorbid conditions such as cardiovascular disorders, and those with persistently elevated blood sugar levels must be adequately tested for Diabetes routinely.

What kind of tests are done for Diabetes?

A simple finger-prick blood strip test through a glucometer will determine blood sugar levels. However, this should be done when fasting Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) and after meals Random Blood glucose (RBS) to maintain a record. Moreover, a blood sample can be sent to the laboratory every six months for Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) Levels assessment.

How helpful are the results?

The above tests provide information on how many insulin units a person would require and drug therapy decisions for an individual. These help to determine if a person has impaired blood sugar or full-blown diabetes.