Cervical cancer is one of the most deadly cancers to occur in females. Like every other cancer, it is usually diagnosed late when it is very difficult to reverse the condition.
For this purpose, every female of her reproductive age is recommended to undergo a screening protocol that helps rule out any suspicious changes that might predispose her to develop cervical cancer during a later stage of her life.
The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for causing cervical cancer. It is diagnosed using a Pap smear that involves obtaining a sample of the cervical cells using a brush. These cervical cells are then analysed under a microscope to look for any changes that might make them appear abnormal or cancerous.
If there is any change in the morphology of these cells, then a doctor gets on board to deal with the situation accordingly and work out the next action plan for the patient.
Common conditions covered by a HPV Test
Anogenital warts, Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, Anogenital cancers, Oropharyngeal cancers, Cervical squamous cell carcinoma, Oral focal epithelial hyperplasia
FAQs on HPV Test
What is HPV infection?
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the name of a group of viruses that cause infection on the skin surface. It is one of the most common viral infections. HPV infection can cause genital warts.
How is it contracted, and what are the symptoms?
It is mainly contracted by direct skin-to-skin contact during intimate sexual contact, penetrative or non-penetrative sexual contact.
What does the test check?
Pap smear testing is available, and it involves collecting a sample of cervical cells with a brush. The cells are further processed and checked under a microscope for evaluation.
Does HPV cause cancer?
Though mostly harmless, HPV can cause abnormal cells, which can sometimes lead to cancers in both men and women, including cervical, vaginal, vulval, anal, head and neck, and penile cancers.
Can it be cured?
There are only preventive measures available currently. HPV is vaccine-preventable.