Pap Smear - what is it and how the test is done
HPV (Human papillomavirus ) is transmitted through sexual intercourse and causes nearly 100% of cancers of the cervix in women. It is estimated that 1 in 2 women will contract the virus in their lifetime. As with most sexually transmitted diseases, HPV infection is typically asymptomatic. However, if the infection becomes chronic, and if the HPV type is classified as high or medium risk, it is possible that the infection progresses towards the development of a precancerous lesion and then a malignant neoplasm, carcinoma of the cervix. uterine.
HPV test allows an absolutely early diagnosis of high and medium risk HPV infection, which can be easily treated without further problems, thus interrupting the sequence towards the development of the tumor.
Cervical cancer is one of the most deadly cancers to occur in females. Like every other cancer, it is usually diagnosed late when it is challenging to reverse the condition.
For this purpose, every female of her reproductive age is recommended to undergo a screening protocol that helps rule out any suspicious changes that might predispose her to develop cervical cancer during a later stage of her life.
The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for causing cervical cancer. It is diagnosed using a Pap smear that involves obtaining a sample of the cervical cells using a brush. These cervical cells are then analysed under a microscope to look for any changes that might make them appear abnormal or cancerous.
Suppose there is any change in the morphology of these cells. In that case, a doctor gets on board to deal with the situation accordingly and work out the following action plan for the patient.