PSA Test

Table of contents

PSA Test - what is it and how the test is done

The prostate gland is a crucial gland present in all males. This gland performs essential sexual functions in a male. However, with age, it tends to develop several problems that lead to a person facing difficulties while voiding urine. 

Problems with the prostate might become difficult to treat, especially when they are diagnosed later than usual. For this reason, it is recommended that testing for the normal functioning of the prostate gland must be made a routine exam for all males in their middle to old ages. 

Usually, a digital rectal examination (DRE) is performed by a doctor in the clinic to evaluate the size, consistency, and shape of the prostate gland to see if it is normal or not. But apart from that, the prostate is also tested for Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) levels in the blood using a blood sample. Increased levels of this antigen indicate both the presence of benign hyperplasia and cancer of the prostate.

Testing makes it easier to determine the next plan of action for the person who might be suffering from any of the problems related to this gland. 

Common conditions covered by a Prostate cancer screening

Prostate cancer Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) Prostatitis Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

Where to get a Prostate test in Italy

PSA Test at-Home and Self Tests


The prostate gland produces a fluid with sperm cells from the testicles and fluids from other glands comprising semen.

During the digital rectal exam (DRE), a doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the patient's rectum to feel for lumps, enlargements, or areas of hardness that might indicate prostate cancer. The procedure lasts for less than a minute and, while uncomfortable, should cause no pain.

The Prostate Specific Antigen test is a blood test for detecting prostate cancer. High PSA levels may indicate the presence of prostate cancer. Still, they may also be benign prostatic hyperplasia or inflammation of the prostate gland (also known as prostatitis) due to an infection or other cause.

PSA and DRE are the only approved and effective testing for prostate health assessment.

PSA is a simple blood test. If positive and high, men may opt for biopsy, which is risky.

A Prostate test in Italy costs on average 45 Euros. (information based on our data as of September 2022)