A urinalysis is a simple yet comprehensive test that is used to analyse the various aspects of your health using your pee as a sample. Several kidney, liver, and diabetes-related problems can be diagnosed timely and efficiently using urinalysis. So, if you are thinking, ‘Why should I go for a urine test?’ - there are different indicators that pathologists use to detect problems in your body only by looking at some aspects of the pee. You may have a complete Urinalysis as part of a routine checkup. Urine tests are a set of laboratory tests that allow you to analyse the chemical and physical characteristics of the urine and its sediment You may need this test to find a problem that isn't causing symptoms yet. Or you may also have this test to monitor conditions like Diabetes, Kidney problems or infections, Cancer, Lupus, Heart failure, Urinary tract infections and Metabolic diseases.
FAQs on Urine test
What is Urinalysis?
Urinalysis is a panel of tests that includes physical, chemical, and microscopic examinations of the urine.
What are the Components of Urinalysis?
A Urinanalysis is a fairly easy test that is done by visual inspection, strip testing, and microscopy of urine samples. The physical (visual) component involves the inspection of color, odor, turbidity, specific gravity, and volume of urine. The chemical component uses a dipstick to check pH, proteins, ketones, glucose, blood cells, bilirubin, leukocyte esterase, and nitrates. The microscopic component detects casts, bacteria, yeasts, epithelial cells, crystals, and blood cells in urine.
What are the Indications of Urinalysis?
The indications of urinalysis include: Suspected kidney disorders like glomerulonephritis Detection of a Urinary Tract Infection Detection of Metabolic Disorders like Diabetes Mellitus Diagnosis of pregnancy Detection of plasma cell dyscrasias
Why should you take a Urinalysis?
Urinalysis is usually done for two reasons: As a part of the general examination to help in the early detection of diseases like diabetes and chronic kidney disease. As a diagnostic test for patients showing symptoms of the urinary tract or renal diseases.
What does a positive urinalysis result mean?
A urinalysis gives some information about what is going on with your body. Based on the test, either the doctor will prescribe you medications or ask you to take more tests to look into the root cause of the symptoms. In short, the treatment of a positive urinalysis depends on the reason for taking the test in the first place.